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LITERATURE REVIEW ON SCHOOL BULLYING
Krishna Kumari Paudel Subedi*
It is substantiated that millions of school children have been the victims of bullying every year. Not only does school bullying decrease their academic performance but it also adversely affects their health and increases likelihood of their later life criminality. Prime purpose of this review is to provide an overview of school bullying; its nature, causes, consequences and existing methods of prevention. Additionally, it also supports to detect gaps and guide to develop new synchronized strategy for prevention of school bullying. For this review, bullying related published materials were searched and reviewed by using traditional or narrative literature review method. The raw material as supporting for this review were books, thesis articles, journal and dissertations with online journal and other materials related to school bullying. Basically, reviewer focuses on five types of material such as material related to concepts of traditional bullying and cyber bullying, theoretical concepts of bullying, substantiated material that can reveal preventive strategies and finally researches likes to highlights existing scenarios of bullying in Nepal. This course of literature review reveals that bullying has several negative consequences to school students from poor academic performance to physical and mental disorders, even suicidal tendencies and involvement in crime are high among bullying students in long run. It is substantiated that even bullies and bystanders are equally affected from these negative consequences of bullying. Bullying is the most complicated and multifaceted problems. Therefore, in-depth understanding of its risk factors and socio-cultural effects on bullying must be made to stop bullying in school.[Full Text Article] [Download Certificate]