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EFFECTS OF FAMILY PSYCHOEDUCATION TO IMPROVE CAREGIVERS’ KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR ON RISK CORONARY HEART DISEASE PREVENTION
Ahmad Guntur Alfianto, Titin Andri Wihastuti, Emi Wuri Wuryaningsih Kumboyono Kumboyono*
Background: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is a degenerative disease in developing countries that has priority in its prevention. Prevention of CHD is the only way to reduce the risk of CHD. Prevention that can be done with training approaches and family empowerment in the community. Family empowerment in the community can be done with modality therapy, one of them is family psychoeducation. Objective: To examine the effect of family psychoeducation on the level of knowledge and behavior of care giver in preventing the risk of CHD in family members at risk of CHD. Methodology : the research design used was quasi experimental pre-post control group design on caregiver which has CHD risk at family member in Talok Village. Technique sampling used was purposive sampling with amount of sampel 36 respondents (18 intervention group and 18 control group). The measuring tool used in this study was Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire (HDFQ) for CHD prevention, while for CHD risk prevention used Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) questionnaire. Data analysis used chi square test and t dependent test. Result: Characteristics of respondents in the psychoeducation group and control group (Age, sex, relationship and family support) had no relationship (P> 0.005). The family psychoeducation group (10.43) and the control group (9.32) had the same selective value of caregiver knowledge in CHD prevention in family members at CHD risk. The family psychoeducation group (1.49) and the control group (2.34) had the same selective value of caregiver behavior in CHD prevention in family members at CHD risk. There was an effect on the family psychoeducation group on knowledge (p = 0.000) and the behavior (p = 0.001) caregiver in CHD prevention and no effect on the control group of both controls (p = 0.805) and the precautions (p = 0.177). Conclusion: the groups that get family psychoeducation had knowledge and behavior in preventing CHD risk better than those given health education (control group).[Full Text Article] [Download Certificate]