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POTENTIAL MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA LINN: A REVIEW
Shriram Bairagi*, Smita Takarkhede, Vishal Giri, Chanchal Gupta, Abhijit Ghadge, Ashutosh Dwivedi and Prathamesh Ghadi
The aim of this present study is to evaluate the parameters of different part of Calotropis gigantea. Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br. belonging to the family Apocynaceae. It is a well known medicinal shrub commonly known as milkweed and also Madar in Hindi. It is a perennial herb with a long history of use in traditional medicines and has been used in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha system of medicine for years. Mostly found in India, China and Malaysia on a large scale. Calotropis gigantea have unique properties and it is also one such plant used alone or with other medicinal drugs to treat common diseases. In Ayurvedic system of medicine it is widely used for healing various acute and chronic disease. The chemical constituents are, flavonoids, cardenolides, terpenes, pregnanes and non-protein amino acids. It also has used to treat various diseased conditions such as tumors, leprosy, ulcers, and piles. It also shows pharmacological activities like CNS activity, analgesic activity, pregnancy interceptive activity, procoagulant activity, antipyretic activity, anti-inflammatory activity, anti-diarrheal activity, free radical scavenging activity, antimicrobial activity, anti-tumor activity, antifungal activity, antitussive activity, and anti-feedant activity.[Full Text Article]