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FERMENTED WATER-BASED INK AS A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF PROBIOTICS
Adamu Idris Matinja* and Ismail Haruna
Almajirai (Singular: Almajiri) are students of the informal Islamic system of education existing in Nigeria?s northern part for centuries. Lack of proper care and concern from the public and government subject the students to desperate means of subsistence. Despite eating leftover foods usually at verge of spoiling, the Almajiri hardly fall sick. The pupils habitually used a locally made water-based ink for writing script on paper or local wooden stake. The inks are kept in an inkpot for several months and years and therefore support a spontaneous fermentation. The ink is used frequently as a folk medicine and charm. We anticipate the live microorganisms present in the fermented ink are responsible for immune responses that maintain intestinal balance in these pupils. In exchange for good health, the ink can be a potential source of probiotics.[Full Text Article]