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PREVALENCE OF DIAGNOSED AND NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS RELATED FACTORS IN EAST WOLLEGA ZONE, WEST ETHIOPIA
Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn*, Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu, Melese Chego Cheme, Emiru Adeba Gerbi, Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist
Background: Currently the chronic illness status primarily the status of diabetes mellitus and its related complications are become a rapidly appearing significant public health problems especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Thus knowing its level urge to design appropriate strategic interventions targeted at decreasing the burden of this existing problem. Objective: To assess prevalence of diagnosed and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus and its related factors in east Wollega zone, West Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in east Wollega from March 1 to May 30, 2016. About 576 planned study participants were selected using multi stage sampling method. Pretested interviewer administered structured questionnaire were used for this study. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the study area was 16.4%. More than half (52.9%) of recognized diabetics were not diagnosed before the study. The prevalence was higher among urban (17.7%) residents than those rural (14.4%) inhabitants. Low physical activity level (AOR=3.412, 95%CI=1.318, 8.83), sedentary behavior for 4 and more hours (AOR=2.334, 95%CI=1.051, 5.18), diabetes family history (AOR=2.846, 95%CI=1.072, 7.552) and older age participants (AOR=4.978, 95%CI=1.205, 20.56) were significantly associated with the occurrence of diabetes mellitus among the study participants. Conclusions: In general the findings of the present study revealed that the magnitude of diabetes mellitus in the study area is higher and more importantly a relative larger proportion of identified diabetic patients were not diagnosed prior to this study; thus urge special attention. The odds of diabetes mellitus was significantly higher among those participants with; diabetes family history, older age group, low physical activity level and sitting behavior for 4 and more hours. Thus to minimize diabetes mellitus associated trauma, structured efforts of concerned local administrative body as well as organizations working on diabetes is necessarily to provide early therapeutic service as well as creating and increasing awareness on how to control blood glucose level in the study area.[Full Text Article]