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PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG THE HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF SOUTH GUJARAT, INDIA
Dr. Sumit Kyada and Dr. Hinal Baria*
Background: High burden of risk factors such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets all contribute in increasing the risk of dying from Non Communicable diseases (NCD). Aims and objectives: To study the prevalence of risk factors of Non Communicable diseases among the Health Care professionals (HCP). Methodology: hospital based cross-sectional study conducted among Health Care professionals (Nurses and Doctors) of tertiary care hospital of South Gujarat from 25th June - 6th July 2018. Total 120 participants are purposively selected using random number generator, (doctors-51 and nursing staff- 69). Data was collected in a pretested, semi structured proforma based on WHO STEP approach by one to one interview after a verbal Informed consent. The questionnaire was translated into the Gujarati language and tested prior to actual data collection. Physical measurements such as height, weight, blood pressure measurement taken. Statistical analysis: percentages and chi-square. Results: 5.8% prevalence of addiction to either alcohol/tobacco was found among HCP. > 30% had BMI above the normal range. 32% spends time on physical activity for 30 min on working day. > 30% had family history of NCDs. On clinical examination >50% of participants had either pre-hypertension or stage 1 hypertension as per JNC-8 classification. Conclusion: the prevalence of risk factors such as high BMI, dietary habits, physical inactivity, family history and tobacco addiction is high among Health care professionals and need interventions such as life style modifications and early diagnosis of NCDs.[Full Text Article]