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PARASITIC DISEASES TRANSMITTED BY TICKS AND THEIR EFFECT ON SOME HAEMOTOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AMONG SHEEP AND GOAT IN SOKOTO MODERN ABATTOIR
Kiran Singh* and Aminu Abubakar
A preliminary study was conducted to determine the Effect of Ticks infestation on some haemotological parameters and parasitic diseases transmitted by ticks among sheep and goat in sokoto modern abattoir. A total of 100 blood samples were collected from sheep (n = 50) and goats (n = 50) from March 2018 to June 2018. Giemsa stained blood smears were prepared and examined under light microscope, to screen for Tick-borne haemoparasite. Packed cell volume (PCV) was determined by microhaematocrit centrifugation technique while haemoglobin (Hb) concentration was determined by Sahli’s method. The total white blood cell (WBC) and red blood cell (RBC) counts were estimated with Neubauerhemocytometer while erythrocyte indices were calculated. The results showed 18.0% overall prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases in sheep 5(10%) and goats 4 (8.0%). Anaplasma ovis and Babesia ovis were identified in the study of which Anaplasma ovis [4(8.0%)] was prevalent (p<0.05) than Babesia ovis[1(2.0%)] in sheep, However in goats prevalence of Anaplasama ovis as well as of Babesia ovis was similar[2(4.0%). The mean values of PCV, Hb and RBC and WBC counts of infected sheep and were lower (p<0.05) than the uninfected sheep. Similarly, the mean values of Hb and WBC of were significantly (p<0.05) lower in infected goats.[Full Text Article]