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EFFECTIVENESS OF VAT ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING OXYGEN DELIVERY METHOD IN CHILDREN AMONG STUDENT NURSES AT SELECTED UNIVERSITIES OF GURUGRAM, HARYANA
Kusum*, Anu Gauba and Naveena J. H.
Background: Every year, over 5.9 million children die, mostly from preventable or easily treatable diseases, and more than 95% of those deaths occur in developing countries. Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age, being responsible for at least 18% of all deaths in this age category. Oxygen is the most commonly used drug in clinical settings, and it, like other drugs, is used with caution. True, individuals who have trouble breathing or are suffering from respiratory failure are at risk of developing hypercapnia or may develop this issue. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of VAT on knowledge regarding oxygen delivery method in children among student nurses. Methodlogy: The quantitative research approach was adopted for the study with "quasi-experimental pre-test post-test control group design." The present study was conducted among 80 student nurses of SGT university Gurugram, Haryana. There were 40 students in experimental group and 40 students in control group. Purposive sampling technique was applied. The experimental group was exposed to VAT (video assisted teaching program) on oxygen delivery method in children. The pre-test and post-test scores of the students were assessed on day 1 and day 7 respectively. The data collected was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS 21. Results: The findings of the study revealed that the mean post-test knowledge scores (33.20) of experimental group were higher than the mean post-test knowledge scores (13.20) of control group. This obtained mean difference was found to be statistically significant as evident from the ‘t’ =22.758, df-39 and P= .000 level of significance. In experimental group significance association between the score level and demographic variables i.e. age, residence and in control group significance association between the score level and demographic variables i.e. religion. Conclusion: The Video assisted teaching program on oxygen delivery method in children was more effective in enhancing the knowledge of B.Sc. Nursing 3rd year student nurses regarding oxygen delivery method in children. Study can be conducted on subject of different colleges, Oxygen delivery method in children can be utilized in other area of nursing practice.[Full Text Article]