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PATTERN OF THYROID CANCER IN IRAQ FROM 2000-2016
*Shumoos Adil Jabbar and Dr. Susan Abdulhussein Musaad
Introduction: Thyroid cancer; though a relatively rare neoplasm, it is the second malignancy among Iraqi women and the eighth among men. Thus, the current study aims to identify the trend in incidence rate of thyroid cancer in the last sixteen years 2000-2016. Method: A cross sectional study where data were collected from three sources: The Cancer Registry- Ministry of health, Al Amal national hospital for cancer management and Baghdad center for radiotherapy and nuclear medicine. Data were collected from the 1st of February up to the end of April, 2019. Data were refined and stored in excel files that later transferred to SPSS version 22 and were presented in tables, graphs, frequencies, percentages and incidence rates. Results: The current study illustrated that thyroid cancer incidence is increasing from 2000 (1.07/105) up to 2016 (2.96/105). Nineveh (7.2/105) came the first in thyroid cancer incidence rates, followed by Al Muthana (6.2/105) and Al Diwaniya (5.07/105). The current study showed a higher incidence rate among females compared to males in Iraq. Thyroid cancer cases start to pick up by the thirties and continue to increase with advanced age. Papillary carcinoma is the common morphology. Conclusion: An increased incidence of thyroid cancer in Iraq thus encouraging cancer researching in areas of high incidence to identify risk factors specific to that region, enlighten the environmental changes that might have taken place and provide a better understanding for the rise in new cases is essential at this phase.[Full Text Article]