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CONCEPTUAL STUDY ON MANAGEMENT OF PARIKARTIKA
Rohith Bhadra* and Elizabeth John
Sushruta has explained about Guda Roga i.e. Ano Rectal Disease in Shalya Tantra. Anal fissure is one of the most common caring anorectal conditions. Fissure-in-ano is can be associated with Parikartika as it is characterized by cutting pain (Kartanwat Vedana) in anal region. In Ayurvedic text, Parikartika is mentioned not as a separate disease entity but as a complication of different Ayurvedic procedures such as vamana, virechana and basti and complication of some diseases like Arsha, Atisara, Grahani. Chronic Constipation leads to hard stools and it result into tear or cut in anorectal mucosa along with signs and symptoms like which further become fissure in ano. Acute fissure in ano, presents symptoms like pain at the anal margin, severe and sharp cutting pain, bleeding per rectum, mucous discharge, itching. Health of an individual depends upon his diet, environmental condition and lifestyle. In present era lifestyle disorders like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obesity etc. are affecting large number of populations in the world. Anorectal diseases like fissure in ano, hemorrhoid etc. could be considered as a problem originated from bad food habits and improper lifestyle.[Full Text Article]