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EFFECTIVENESS OF HELFER SKIN TAP TECHNIQUE ON LEVEL OF PAIN DURING INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION AMONG ADULT FEMALES
Subhaddra Batas* and Rachana Mishra
Background: Intramuscular injection is a common technique to deliver medication which almost/always lead to pain and discomfort. Different physical methods are used by the nurses to reduce pain during IM injection. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of Helfer skin tap technique on level of pain during intramuscular injection among adult females. Methods: An experimental study (Post-test only control design) among 70 antenatal women (35 experimental and 35 control group) was conducted. The respondents were assigned into Experimental group and Control group through simple random sampling. Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) was used to assess the level of pain during intramuscular injection in both the groups. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 by descriptive (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Fisher?s exact test and Mann Whitney-U test). Results: The mean pain score of respondents in experimental group (1.77 ± 0.37) was lower than the mean pain score of the respondents in control group (4.06 ± 1.28). There was significant difference in pain score during intramuscular injection in experimental and control group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The present study concluded that Helfer Skin Tap Technique was effective in reducing the level of pain during intramuscular injection.[Full Text Article]