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CONSUMPTION SURVEY AND EVALUATION OF THE NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF SIX MENUS OFFERED IN TWO FAST-FOOD RESTAURANTS IN ABIDJAN (CÔTE D’IVOIRE)
Ahou Léticia Loukou*, Ingrid Cécilia Plé, Grodji Albarin Gbogouri and Kouakou Brou
The fast-food sector is booming in Côte d'Ivoire, precisely in Abidjan. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographic profile of the customers of two fast-food restaurants (FFR1 and FFR2) and the nutritional quality of their main menus. A food consumption survey was conducted among 150 consumers from FFR1 and FFR2 located, respectively, in the communes of Cocody and Adjamé. Six dishes proposed by these fast-food restaurants were, then, selected and analyzed. The calculation of energy shares in nutrients of these dishes was also released. The results have shown that menus from both restaurants were equally well consumed by women (55% at FFR1 and 36% at FFR2) and men (45% at FFR1 and 64% at FFR2). The majority of consumers were teenagers (53.33% at FFR1 and 65.33% at FFR2). Most of whom were students (38.67% at FFR1 and 37.33% at FFR2) and consuming these foods, on average, once a week (40% at FFR1 and 56% at FFR2). These meals were very energetic (626.59 to 672.54 Kcal/100g), high in carbohydrates (36.03-41.85%), fat (27.53-36.21%), protein (15.33-24.00%) and sodium (207.60 to 296 mg/100g of food). However, they were poor in fiber (0.26 to 5.17%). Their energy shares in lipids (39.32 to 48.57%) were not in line with the recommended energy shares for a ration. FFR1 and FFR2 menus didn’t present a good nutritional quality and were not balanced. Their regular consumption should be avoided, because they could promote the development of nutritional diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disorders and type 2 diabetes.[Full Text Article]