WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

Impact Factor  :  5.464

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    Venue:FCT Education Resource Center, Abuja- Nigeria                                        September 22-24, 2019

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Best Article of current issue

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Indexing

Abstract

OBSERVANCE OF GUIDELINES TOWARDS MITIGATING THE RISK OF HOSPITAL ACQUIRED INFECTIONS IN A UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS FROM A PILOT STUDY TOWARDS HEALTHCARE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

Serge Honoré Tchoukoua, Pierre René Fotsing Kwetché*, Fernande Njonga Tchami, Sandrine Gamwo Dongmo, William Lelorel Nankam Nguekap, Anselme Michel Yawat Djogang, Josué Simo Louokdom, Jonas Kouamouo and Kourouma Kaba

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to address a few parameters that are recognized to contribute to hospital hygiene improvement in the framework of policies enforced to prevent hospital acquired infections (HAIs) at the Université des Montagnes’ Teaching Hospital. These included amongst others hand hygiene, waste and reusable material management and cleaning. The necessary pieces of information were collected with questionnaires, interviews and observations. To assess the quality of the patient’ environment, products from swabbing performed on surrounding commodities were submitted to microbial investigations. Culture, isolation, identification of bacteria as well as susceptibility tests for 15 common antibiotics were conducted according to standard guidelines (REMIC, 2014; CA-SFM, EUCAST, 2014). Significant findings revealed that 44 - 48% of healthcare workers always wash their hands between two procedures; 77% were aware of the danger that might accompany blood exposure accident and 65% knew where they could have information for better practices. Moreover, 33% did not change gloves between two activities on the same patient though glove availability was 100%; 20 - 42% recapped soiled needles; 70% work indiscriminately in all hospital wards. Most bacterial isolates were Bacillus spp., 50%. They were least frequently isolated from specimens collected in the maternity, consistent with the policy enforced to prevent contamination at that level. Resistance rates were high and multiple-drug resistance frequent but could not serve to rule out reliable conclusion because the number of isolates tested was reduced. Overall, many amongst the workers knew what they normally had to do. Why implementation did not follow remained to be addressed, though material resource availability could be pointed out. Relocating institution’s priorities would be essential for safer healthcare in the hospital. This requires contribution of all stakeholders, in line with the current One Health concept’s paradigm.

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